Most people falter on prepositions when they face a situation where they can’t decide between two (or even more) prepositions that both seem to be the correct answer. Few examples of such commonly-confused prepositions: (1) over and above; (2) at, in, and on. And there are plenty more.
Prepositions are best learnt when you learn them in groups of such commonly-confused prepositions and not as individual prepositions. After all, that’s where you make most mistakes.
In this post, you’ll learn prepositions in such groups – 17 of them covered here.
Before we jump into the first group of prepositions, let me briefly explain how this post is organized:
- Each group starts with explanation – and plenty of examples – of how the prepositions are used and ends with a short quiz for you to practice what you learnt in that group.
- Most prepositions are used in ways other than their most common use. In this post, in each group, I’ve first covered the main use, followed by other usages.
- Many times, prepositions have been presented in tabular form for easy comprehension.
- Comments are in blue font in square brackets (just like this) so that you can easily spot them.
- Examples find place in the tables as well as bullet points (outside the table).
- Prepositions can be broadly classified as prepositions of time and place. Wherever applicable, each group heading contains this information in square brackets.
Recommended posts on related topics:
Without further ado, let’s start with the most common group.
1. At, on, and in [Time]
|It is used with exact point of time.||It is used for a particular day, date, or particular part of the day.||It is used for longer periods such as months, seasons, years, decades, and centuries.|
|At 4 PM [Exact time]||On Thursday [Particular day]||In 1986 [A long period]|
|At 3 o’clock||On Independence Day||In the 20th century|
|At sunrise/ sunset||On Christmas Day||In 1970s|
|At midnight||On 06 April 2016||In March|
|At noon||On his birthday||In summer|
At [Time] – other usages
With short holiday periods:
- We often go hiking in the nearby forest at the weekend. [However, ‘on the weekend’ is more often spoken in common conversation]
- What are you doing at Christmas? [But, what are you doing on Christmas Day?]
- I’ll see you at Easter. [But, I’ll see you on Easter Day.]
With other short periods which are treated as points:
- My salary gets credited at the end of every month.
- I’m due for promotion at the end of January.
- … at the beginning of the year.
- I’ll see you at the breakfast.
- Let’s discuss the business plan at lunchtime.
- At dinner.
With night when we mean ‘when it is night’ or ‘each night’:
- With the power to street lights cut off because of non-payment of electricity bills, it’s difficult to go out on the streets at night. [It means ‘each night’ and not one or two nights]
- I got up in the middle of the night after a bad dream. [‘At’ is not used here because the reference is to a particular night]
In [Time] – other usages
With parts of the day:
- In the morning [But, on Monday morning]
- In the afternoon [But, on Monday afternoon]
- In the evening [But, on Monday evening]
When we talk about how long it will be before something happens:
- We’ll be leaving in few minutes.
- She’ll be here in a moment.
- He has gone to his home town and will be back in a week.
When we say how long something takes:
- He learnt driving in just a week.
To end the group, here is an exception:
We don’t use at, on, or in before all/ any/ each/ every/ last/ next/ one/ some/ this/ that. Examples:
- He is leaving the country next March.
- I’ll see you next Thursday. I’ll see you again on Friday.
- Many medical treatments with no scientific basis originated ___ the middle ages.
- Polar bears hibernate ___ winter.
- X: What are planning ___ Easter Day? Y: Nothing much. Though I may go out of the town for two days.
- I’ll see you ___ noon in your office.
- I got more presents than I expected ___ my birthday.
- Some of the best music was composed ___ 1980s.
- Will you be in the town ___ Christmas?
- I’m planning a trip to my hometown ___ the end of April.
- Can we meet ___ Monday evening?
- Can we meet ___ the evening today?
Answers: 1⇒ in 2⇒ in/ during 3⇒ on 4⇒ at 5⇒ on 6⇒ in 7⇒ at 8⇒ at 9⇒ on 10⇒ in
2. At, on, and in [Place]
|‘At’ is used to describe a place when you think of it as a point rather an area.||‘On’ is used to describe a position touching a flat surface.||‘In’ is used to describe: (1) a position within a larger area [In a stadium/ city/ country]; (2) something within a larger space (three-dimensional) [In a box/ bag/ room/ building]|
|I saw a vendor selling fruits at the bus stop.||There is a lizard on the wall/ ceiling/ floor.||There were more than 200 persons in the hall/ city center.|
|Can you check who is at the door?||He is sitting on the chair/ grass/ lawn/ beach.||We’ve barely identified one percent of all species in our oceans.|
|He is working at his desk.||John is sitting on the garden. [Showing position touching a surface]||X: Where is John? Y: He is in the garden. [Showing position within a larger area]|
|The post office is located at the end of the road.||The mangoes on the tree have ripened and can fall if not plucked.||I had a swim in the river/ sea/ lake.|
|Write the date at the top of the page and your name at the bottom.||There is a notice on the wall requiring your presence in the court next week.||What’s in that box/ bag/ cupboard?|
|Can you please leave my book at the hotel’s reception?||Details about this topic are on page fifteen.||New Delhi is in the north of India.|
|Go straight and take a left turn at the shop.||There is a label on the bottle.||There is juice in the bottle.|
At [Place] – other usages
We say somebody is at home/ at work/ at school/ at university/ at college etc.:
- I’ll be at home 6 PM onwards.
- I’m at work even on Saturdays.
- I’m studying science at college.
- At my sister’s place.
We say somebody is at an event/ at a party/ at a conference etc.:
- I last met him at the solar energy conference.
- There were just nine persons at the party.
- I saw him at the concert yesterday.
- He called me up when I was at the football match.
- Only two showed up at the meeting.
On [Place] – other usages
On the left/ right:
- He was driving on the right side (the wrong side) when the accident happened.
- I sit on the left of my best friend in the class.
On the ground (first etc.) floor:
- I live on the ground floor of a high-rise building.
- There is a pool and parking on the fourth floor of the building.
On a map/ on the menu/ on a list:
- What’s new on the menu?
- How many invitees are there on your list?
On a farm:
- I injured my leg while moving the harvester on the farm.
We use ‘on’ to describe the location of a place on something in the form of a line (road, river etc.):
- New York City is on river Hudson.
- My school is on the main road.
- Los Angeles is on the West Coast of U.S.
We say that a place is on the way to another place:
- We stopped at a dilapidated mud house on the way to our first-day halt on the trek.
In [Place] – other usages
In a line/ row/ queue/ street:
- I sit in the second row in my class.
- I’ve been in this queue for the last 30 minutes.
- His office is in AL Street.
In a photograph/ picture/ mirror:
- Where are you in the photograph/ picture?
- Did you look in the mirror today? There is a swelling under your left ear.
In the sky/ world:
- I like to look at the stars in the night sky.
In a book/ newspaper/ magazine/ letter [but ‘on a page’]:
- I read about your accident in the newspaper.
- I was referring to the picture on page 23.
We say somebody is in bed/ hospital/ prison:
- It’s 8 in the morning, but he is still in the bed.
- He has had a major surgery and is expected to be in the hospital for at least five more days.
- He has been in the prison for last three years.
We say someone works in a shop, bank, factory, store etc.:
- I’ve been working in this factory for two years now.
- My brother works in a bank.
A. The corner
We say ‘in the corner’ of a room, but ‘at the corner’ or ‘on the corner’ of a street:
- There is a grocery shop at the corner of the street.
- The chair is in the corner of the room.
B. The front and the back
All three – ‘at’, ‘on’, and ‘in’ – can be used depending on the usage.
|We say at the front (or back) of a building/ cinema/ group of people etc.||We say on the front (back) of a letter/ piece of paper etc.||We say in the front or in the back of a car.|
|Let’s sit at the front of the class/ cinema.||Write your address on the front of the envelope.||Let’s sit in the front row.|
|I was standing at the back during the group snap.||Write your phone number on the back of the cheque.||The guy sitting in the front on the car suffered fatal injuries in the accident.|
C. Address, streets, and roads
|‘At’ is used before an address.||However, ‘in’ or ‘on’ are used before the name of a road.|
|They’ve opened a showroom at 26 MG Road.||They’ve opened a showroom on/ in MG Road.|
|The town is on Grand Trunk road. [‘On’ is preferred when describing long streets or roads]|
D. For buildings
|We usually say ‘at’ when we say where an event takes place.||We use ‘in’ when we describe the building itself.|
|The meeting took place at the company’s headquarters in Singapore.||The rooms in Raffle’s Tower, the company’s headquarters, are quite small.|
|The movie is showing at Odeon.||It was quite cold in the cinema hall.|
We say at the station/ at the airport:
- I’ll now see you directly at the station.
We say at somebody’s house:
- I was at my friend’s house last night. [To jog your memory on what we covered in the last table, we say ‘rooms in my friend’s house are spacious’. Remember, here we’re referring to the building itself]
- I was at the doctor’s clinic this morning.
- There is a fly ___ the bottle.
- We went to the concert ___ South Hall.
- There is notice ___ the door. It’s a summon from the court.
- Few passengers have been stranded ___ the island since yesterday.
- This Sunday, I’ll be ___ my brother’s place.
- I bet there are at least 20 persons ___ the shop.
- My father’s office is ___ river Narmada.
- As per protocol, you need to write your address ___ the top of the letter.
- I came late for the movie. I had to sit ___ the front row.
- I always sit ___ the front in my class.
Answers: 1⇒ on 2⇒ at 3⇒ on 4⇒ on 5⇒ at 6⇒ in 7⇒ on 8⇒ at 9⇒ in 10⇒ at
3. From…to, until (till), by, since, for, and within [Time]
|It is used to indicate time elapsed between two fixed times. [A simple representation: from + time A + to + time B]||‘By’ is used when you mean that something happens by a time in the future. [A simple representation: by + time A]||‘Until’ is used to show a situation that continues up to a particular time in the future. [A simple representation: until + time A or a condition]|
|I studied in the boarding school from 1999 to 2007. [Shows time elapsed between 1999 and 2007]||I’m going outstation and I’ll be back by Monday. [I’ll be back at or before Monday but not later]||I’m going outstation and won’t be back until Monday. [My outstation visit continues until Monday. I’ll be back on Monday.]|
|I’ll be in my office from 10 AM to 6 PM.||I dispatched the packet yesterday. You should receive it by Wednesday. [On or before Wednesday, but no later than Wednesday]||The crowd gathered outside won’t go until the minister meets them. [Here a condition – minister meeting them - is met]|
|I work from 9 AM to 6 PM on weekdays.||I have to be home by 7 PM today. [No later than 7 PM]||I’ll be in my office until 6 PM.|
|The movie ran in the theaters from the first week of August to the end of October.||Tell me by Sunday whether you can join us for the weekend trip next month. [And not ‘tell me until Sunday…’]||Wait here until I come back. [Here again a condition – my coming back - is met]|
|‘Since’ is used to describe continuation of time from a fixed point in the past to present. [A simple representation: since + a specific time in the past]||‘For’ is used to describe a period of time without a fixed beginning or end point. [A simple representation: for + a period of time]||‘Within’ is used to describe time period that has to be finished earlier than an end point. [A simple representation: within + a period of time]|
|I’ve been waiting for my turn since 2 PM. [From 2 PM to now]||I’ve been waiting for my turn for three hours. [Unlike 2 PM on the left, there is no beginning point here]||The court has directed to wrap up investigation within 3 months. [To be completed in the next 3 months]|
|I haven’t seen him since August.||I haven’t seen him for six months. [Not ‘since six days’]||If he is not found within next six months, he’ll be presumed dead under the law.|
|It has been raining since the match started.||I’ll be in Singapore for a week.||I’ve to complete my assignment within this week.|
- I lived in Singapore ___ March 2011 ___ July 2014.
- I have been living in New York City ___ 2013.
- The war went on ___ two years.
- I felt tired in the morning. So I didn’t get out of bed ___ 10 AM.
- I haven’t visited my hometown ___ August 2014.
- X: Where are your children? Y: They’re at school and should be back ___ 2 PM.
- X: How long have you known Jim? Y: ___ fifth grade in the school.
- A: How long will you be away? B: ___ Friday.
- He has been traveling ___ Monday.
- I usually finish my work ___ 6:30 PM, but sometimes I stay ___ 7:30 PM.
Answers: 1⇒ from…to 2⇒ since 3⇒ for 4⇒ until 5⇒ since 6⇒ by 7⇒ since 8⇒ until 9⇒ since 10⇒ by, until
4. On, at, by, and with
- The manager won’t be in office this week. He is on holiday.
- News on television has turned into eye-grabbing through whatever means possible.
On the radio
- We listened to the news on the radio.
On the phone
- I spoke to him on the phone yesterday.
- The shop was set on fire by the miscreants.
- The train is on time.
On a bus/ on a train/ on a plane/ on a ship [However, we use in a car/ in a taxi]
- People came on bus to attend the political rally.
- He arrived in a taxi.
On a bicycle/ on a motorcycle/ on a horse
- A rider on his motorcycle passed by me.
At 24 (age)/ At 70 kilometers per hour/ At 40 degrees
- Boris Becker had a spectacular start to his career when he won Wimbledon singles title at 17.
- The car was traveling at 80 kilometers per hour, clearly above the speed limit.
- The water is too hot at 70 degrees Celsius.
By car/ by bus/ by plane (by air)/ by train etc.
- I’m coming to Mumbai by train.
- I go to office by bike. [We, however, say ‘on foot’: I go to office on foot.]
A book by/ a painting by/ music by etc.
- I’m currently reading David and Goliath, a book by Malcolm Gladwell.
- Music for this movie has been composed by Elton John.
- In badminton, you strike the shuttle with a racket. [Not ‘by a racket’]
- You can cut open the packet with a pair of scissors.
- It might rain today. You shouldn’t venture out without an umbrella.
- It’s cold outside. Don’t go out ___ a coat.
- Hamlet and Macbeth are plays ___ William Shakespeare.
- My grandfather died ___ the age of 78.
- This item is fragile. Please handle it ___ care.
- How long does it take from New Delhi to Singapore ___ plane?
- They set up their business ___ the help of venture capital money.
- Bullet trains can travel ___ 300 kilometers per hour.
- If I’ve to go out during rush hours, I go ___ my bike.
- She goes to office ___ car.
- I was stopped ___ the robbers, who took away all the money I had.
Answers: 1⇒ without 2⇒ by 3⇒ at 4⇒ with 5⇒ by 6⇒ with 7⇒ at 8⇒ on 9⇒ by 10⇒ by
5. Between and among [Place]
|‘Between’ is used with two or more persons or things when we treat them as individuals. Contrary to popular belief, it is not used only with two things.||‘Among’ is used when we treat persons or things as part of a group or mass, and not as individuals. Contrary to popular belief, it is not the default use when referring to more than two persons or things. Key word here is ‘group or mass’.|
|I sat between Amy and John.||Among my friends, he is the friendliest.|
|India is situated between Nepal and Bhutan to the north, Pakistan to the West, Bangladesh and Myanmar to the East, and Sri Lanka to the South. [There are more than two things here, but they’ve been treated individually and not as a group]||I finally found my phone among the clutter of books and clothes in my closet. [‘Books and clothes’ have been treated as a group or mass]|
Between – other usages
We use ‘between’ to talk about comparisons and relationships:
- There is correlation between regular physical exercise and academic performance.
- What are the differences between rugby league, rugby union, and American football?
We use ‘among’ when we mean ‘occurring in’, ‘one/ some of’, or ‘out of’:
- The disease has now broken out among the hill tribes. [‘Occurring in’]
- They are among the best hockey players in the world. [‘Some of’]
- Among the capital cities of South America, Quito is the second highest. [‘Out of’]
- There was disagreement ___ Mark, Graham, and Mary.
- While leaving the temple, I looked for my shoes ___ many others on the rack.
- I could hardly find any electric car ___ the cars in the parking.
- This strain of virus is commonly found ___ fruit bats.
- Our car broke down ___ NH 24 ___ Bareilly and Faridpur.
- There was no one from Australia ___ 30+ students in my class.
- What’s the difference ___ drive volley, half volley, and normal volley in tennis?
- He walked into the room and stood ___ the chair and the desk.
- Only you, Neeraj, Abhay, and Neha remain after the first round of interview. You need to be the best ___ them to get the job.
- The four thieves argued endlessly on how to divide the loot ___ them.
Answers: 1⇒ between 2⇒ among 3⇒ among 4⇒ among 5⇒ on, between 6⇒ among 7⇒ between 8⇒ between 9⇒ among 10⇒ between
6. Across, along, over, and through [Place]
‘Across’ is used to depict position on the other side of a flat surface or area (examples: land, sea, road, and field):
- I saw a wolf across the field.
- The scenes moved rapidly across the screen.
- The closing ceremony of Commonwealth Games was broadcast across many countries.
- He threw a stone across the river.
‘Over’ is used to depict position on the other side of something that is higher than it is wide:
- The thief crossed over the wall in the pitch dark night.
We use ‘all over’, but not ‘all across’. Instead, we use ‘right across’:
- The news of the politician’s conviction on the charge of financial impropriety has spread all over the country.
- The news of the politician’s conviction on the charge of financial impropriety has spread right across the country. [Not ‘all across’]
‘Through’ is used when you move in a three-dimensional space:
- I had to wade through knee-deep water to cross the river.
- The road goes through the mountains.
- The police forced its way through the crowd to reach the crime scene.
- We had to walk through the forest to reach to reach the nearest town.
‘Along’ is used when you move on a linear path (examples: road, river, canal, beach, shoreline, and riverfront):
- Let’s walk along the road to avoid losing direction.
- The tiger’s pug marks were found along the canal.
- I lost the key to the front door and, therefore, had no option but to enter the house ___ the window.
- The miscreants jumped ___ the wall and made a quick escape.
- Shanties came up all ___ the road to act as temporary accommodation for the workers at the nearby construction site.
- The dog went ___ the road safely despite heavy traffic.
- The hair dresser sprinkled some water on my head and ran the comb ___ my hair.
- She made her way up the hill ___ a narrow path.
- He skied ___ Greenland in just three weeks.
- The fog was so thick that it felt walking ___ the clouds.
- As part of the plantation drive, the city council is planting trees ___ the river.
- The plane flew ___ the mountains.
Answers: 1⇒ through 2⇒ over 3⇒ along 4⇒ across/ over 5⇒ through 6⇒ along 7⇒ across 8⇒ through 9⇒ along 10⇒ over
7. Above and over [Place]
Both ‘above’ and ‘over’ are used when we show one thing to be at a level higher than the other.
|‘Above’ is preferred when one thing is not directly over the other.||‘Over’ is preferred when one thing covers or touches the other. It is also used when we talk about horizontal movement.|
|He was gliding 1,200 feet above the ground.||The snowfall lay a blanket of white over the ground.|
|The old, dilapidated fort was nestled in the mountain above the lake.||A hazy winter fog hung over the city.|
|The pictures are above the shelves. [Pictures are fixed on the wall.]||The helicopter flew over the lake. [Horizontal movement]|
Above – other usages
‘Above’ is used in the measurement of temperature and height:
- The temperature on Monday rose above 35 degrees Celsius.
Over – other usages
‘Over’ is used in the measurement of age and speed:
- You need to be over 18 years to vote in the general elections.
- He was driving over 90 kilometers per hour when he was intercepted by the traffic police.
- There was seepage in the wall ___ the window.
- In the brawl, he suffered a small cut ___ his left eye.
- He pulled his hat ___ his ears and went out.
- ___ the screen is a small camera that records you as you speak.
- She put her hands ___ her eyes in disbelief. [Over]
Answers: 1⇒ above 2⇒ above 3⇒ over 4⇒ above 5⇒ over
8. Below and under [Place]
‘Below’ and ‘under’ are direct opposites of ‘above’ and ‘over’, respectively, and they’re used the same way as ‘above’ and ‘over’.
|The water level in the river is just two feet below the danger mark.||The thief hid himself under the blanket.|
|The shelves are below the picture.||There is an underground metro line under the ground.|
- ___ the screen is a small microphone that records your voice.
- X: Where is the key? Y: Please check ___ the mat. I remember placing it there.
- I looked out from the window. Thirty feet ___ was a trash bin.
- In the winter, I sometimes study in the open ___ a tree.
- The sun glowed red as it sank slowly ___ the horizon.
Answers: 1⇒ below 2⇒ under 3⇒ below 4⇒ under 5⇒ below
9. During, while, and for [Time]
|We use ‘during’ to say when something happens. [A simple representation: during + noun]||If something happens while something else is happening, the two things are happening at the same time. [A simple representation: while + subject + verb]||We use ‘for’ to say how long something goes on. [A simple representation: for + period of time]|
|I didn’t take a single break during the exam. [‘During’ is followed by noun]||I didn’t take a single break while playing tennis. [‘While’ is followed by verb]||I lived in New York City for three years. [Not ‘during three years’]|
|Sandstorms are common during the Saudi Arabian winter.||You'll never make any progress while you listen to me.||I’ll be out on vacation for two weeks in December.|
|We didn’t speak during the meal.||We didn’t speak while we were eating.||Our dinner continued for 45 minutes.|
|I fell asleep during the film.||I fell asleep while watching the film.||I fell asleep while watching the film. I slept for 30 minutes.|
With words that are used for time (example: morning, afternoon, and summer), both ‘during’ or ‘in’ can be used. Examples:
- It rained during the night. / It rained in the night. [Both are fine]
- He visited me during the afternoon. / He will visit me in the afternoon.
- Plants need to be looked after and protected ___ bad weather.
- The attack is believed to have been carried out ___ the early morning hours.
- He phoned you ___ you were away.
- ___ the test period she lost 4lb.
- His brother has been ___ the hospital ___ the last three days.
- I don’t watch TV ___ the day.
- I don’t watch TV ___ having dinner.
- I would be out of the city only ___ the weekend.
- Wages have fallen by more than twenty percent ___ the past two months.
- Most rivers in the region dry ___ summer.
Answers: 1⇒ during 2⇒ during 3⇒ while 4⇒ during 5⇒ in, for 6⇒ during 7⇒ while 8⇒ for 9⇒ during 10⇒ during/ in
10. Before, during, and after
|I was nervous before the exam.||I didn’t take a single break during the exam.||I went straight to my friend’s place after the exam.|
|Close the windows before you go out.||Drive with care during your journey back home.||Give us a call after you reach home.|
|He went through his regular warmup exercises before the match.||He choked at crucial moments during the match.||He gave few interviews immediately after the match.|
|Thousands thronged the site hours before the rocket launch.||There was a massive blast at the tail of the rocket during the launch.||People started dispersing ten minutes after the launch.|
- I always eat bananas ___ going to the gym.
- The doctor has advised to wash hands thoroughly ___ eating to avoid falling ill.
- I’ve an unsaid rule of not talking ___ the lunch.
- I start my daily routine only ___ checking my inbox.
- Let’s have lunch ___ stepping out of the office.
Answers: 1⇒ before 2⇒ before 3⇒ during 4⇒ after 5⇒ before
11. About and on
‘About’ and ‘on’ are used to mean ‘concerning’ or ‘on the subject of’.
(Note that ‘on’ here is used in context different from what we covered in group 1 and 2.)
‘About’ is mainly used after following:
[dt_quote type=”blockquote” font_size=”big” animation=”none” background=”fancy”]
Argue, complain, find out, joke, know, protest, quarrel, read, teach (someone), tell (someone), worry, ask, enquire/ inquire, learn, think, agree, hear, laugh, care, and wonder.[dt_gap height=”30″ /]
Argument, chat, fuss, joke, letter, misunderstanding, and quarrel.[/dt_quote]
- I found about his accident through the newspaper.
- Sir, I want to enquire about your newly-launched product.
- What’s this all fuss about?
- I constantly worry about my final exam.
‘On’ is mainly used after following:
[dt_quote type=”blockquote” font_size=”big” animation=”none” background=”fancy”]
Comment, concentrate, focus, insist, and reflect.[/dt_quote]
- I can’t concentrate on my work because of the noise from the nearby construction work.
- We would not like to comment on the internal affairs of your country.
Both ‘About’ and ‘on’ can be used with the following verbs and nouns:
[dt_quote type=”blockquote” font_size=”big” animation=”none” background=”fancy”]
Advise, agree, decide, disagree, lecture, speak, speculate, talk, and write.[dt_gap height=”30″ /]
Advice, argument, book/ article/ paper, consultation, decision, idea, information, lecture, opinion, and question.[/dt_quote]
- Can you send me your opinion about/ on my proposal by tomorrow?
- Why speculate about/ on something that has so many unknowns?
- Argument broke about/ on whose turn is it to park his/ her car in the vacant space.
12. In and into
|‘In’ indicates position without movement.||‘Into’ indicates movement into a particular place.|
|My friend lives in a nineteenth-century house. [There is no movement here]||I entered into my friend’s house from the back door. [It depicts movement from outside to friend’s house]|
|My friend’s car stays mostly in the garage.||I drove the car into the garage.|
- The diver jumped ___ the water.
- The robbers rushed out of the bank, got ___ the car, and escaped.
- I put new batteries ___ the remote control.
- The pigeon flew ___ the room through the window.
- I left my luggage ___ the cloak room ___ the station and went to the nearby market to eat something.
- Stop running around and get ___ bed!
- What time does this train arrive ___ New Delhi?
- River Amazon flows ___ Atlantic Ocean.
- I couldn’t recognize her because she was ___ a speeding car.
- Without much ado, he disappeared ___ the darkness.
Answers: 1⇒ into 2⇒ into 3⇒ in 4⇒ into 5⇒ in, at 6⇒ into 7⇒ in 8⇒ into 9⇒ in 10⇒ into
13. On and onto
Their relationship is similar to ‘in’ and ‘into’.
|‘On’ shows that something is in a position above something else and touching it.||‘Onto’ shows movement into or on a particular place.|
|I comfortably walked on the wet floor.||I slipped as I stepped onto the wet floor.|
|Your bag is on the table.||She poured the petrol onto the dying embers, and up went the flames.|
14. Beside and besides
|‘Beside’ means next to.||‘Besides’ means in addition to.|
|I sit in the class beside Amy. [I sit next to Amy]||Besides a stack of A-4 papers, we need sketch pens, sticky notes, and glue stick. [In addition to stacks of papers, we need…]|
|We put the tent beside the lake.||I don’t think anyone will be angry on that point. Besides, it’s not your fault.|
- I put my shoes down ___ Tom’s.
- The new municipal building was built right ___ a river.
- Do you play any other sports ___ tennis?
- She turned left and found John ___ her.
- There’s plenty of other things to do in the town at night ___ partying.
Answers: 1⇒ beside 2⇒ beside 3⇒ besides 4⇒ beside 5⇒ besides
15. In and inside [Place]
|‘In’ is used to express position inside something.|
|There is a table in the room.|
16. On time and in time
|On time||In time|
|‘On time’ means at a particular time – neither late nor early. In other words, it’s the opposite of ‘late’.||‘In time’ means early enough or before a deadline.|
|The flight arrived on time at 09:30 AM. [Arrived dot on time]||I reached in time for the flight. [Reached at or before the mandated time]|
|The event was well organized. Everything began and finished on time.||I submitted the assignment in time.|
|Please be on time for your interview.||Will you be home in time for dinner?|
- X: Is the flight is ___? Y: Yes, it is?
- The train was late today, but it’s usually___.
- My food order will be delivered at home ___ 7 PM. I hope I reach ___ to receive it.
- I barely caught the train today morning. I got to the railway station just ___.
- Why are you never ___?
Answers: 1⇒ on time 2⇒ on time 3⇒ by, in time 4⇒ in time 5⇒ on time
17. At the end and in the end
|At the end||In the end|
|It means at the time when something ends.||You use ‘in the end’ to describe what is the final result of a series of events or what is your final conclusion after considering all the relevant facts.|
|The players shook hands at the end of the match.||In the end, we decided to shutter the business.|
|I’ll file my taxes at the end of the month.||Despite our complaints to the house owner, the noise didn’t stop. In the end, we decided to file a complaint with the police.|